Can you give me a clear definition of who an informal carer is?
A carer is someone who looks after a relative or friend, who, because of disability or the effects of old age cannot manage at home without help.
At CASS we believe that if a caring role (no matter how small) is having a detrimental effect on the person who is ‘looking after’ someone with an illness or disability then they can gain our support if they live in the south Staffordshire area. However, we usually relate to the ‘Carers Recognition & Services Act’ for their definition of a carer which is as follows:
‘For the purpose of the Carers Act, a carer is defined as someone who provides (or intends to provide) a substantial amount of care on a regular basis for a disabled/ill/elderly person. The carer cannot, however, be a person who provides (or will provide) the care because he or she is under legal contract to provide it, or does so as a volunteer working for a voluntary agency.’
What constitutes a ‘substantial amount of care on a regular basis? Policy guidance LAC(96)7 does not give any national guidance on how these words are to be interpreted and advises local authorities to determine locally how they will interpret these terms. Previous guidance suggests, however, that ‘substantial’ should be given wide interpretation which fully takes into account the individual circumstances of the carer – it is essentially a subjective question. ‘Regular’ simply means an event which recurs at uniform intervals (i.e., not necessarily frequent).’ (Carers Recognition and Services Act). The above definition is also linked to other legislation, one being the acquisition of Carers Allowance (DWP benefit). For the purpose of Carers allowance, one of the criteria states that a carer must spend at least regularly 35 hours a week caring for a person (adult carers).
As stated before, CASS as an organisation do not keep strictly to the ‘time’ criteria as each individual case is different and the impact caring has on each individual is different.
Why do Carers need support?
A CASS outreach worker comments:
‘Every week I speak to carers who have struggled without any support or assistance (for themselves) and the relief in their voice when they realise that we are here for them is amazing. They may get the support of other family members, but sometimes it is difficult to ‘burden’ them with extra worries especially at a time of crisis. Support is important because very often carers have given up well paid jobs and family life to care for someone and invariably it is very difficult to get back to ‘normal’ once their caring role has ceased. Just to have someone who recognises what they do and how invaluable it is, makes a carer feel valued.’
I am a student studying the role of informal carers. How many carers are there in the UK?
According to Carers UK in the UK as a whole:
1 in 8 adults (around six million people) are carers.
- By 2037, it’s anticipated that the number of carers will increase to 9 million
- Every day another 6,000 people take on a caring responsibility – that equals over 2 million people each year.
- 58% of carers are women and 42% are men
- Over 1 million people care for more than one person
Carers save the economy £119 billion per year, an average of £18,473 per carer
- Over 3 million people juggle care with work, however the significant demands of caring mean that 1 in 5 carers are forced to give up work altogether.
- The main carer’s benefit is £58.45 for a minimum of 35 hours, equivalent to £1.67 per hour – far short of the national minimum wage of £6.08 per hour (2012-2013 figures)
People providing high levels of care are twice as likely to be permanently sick or disabled
- 625,000 people suffer mental and physical ill health as a direct consequence of the stress and physical demands of caring.
- 1.25 million people provide over 50 hours of care per week
Source: Carers UK – Information and statistics has been produced by Carers UK as a result of surveys and research across the UK covering a range of topics such as Carers’ health, employment tasks, age and poverty. The information was updated in 2009.
My elderly relative has been discharged from hospital and lives on his own. The hospital has to accept his decision as he is still very able in his mind. My relatives and I all plan to visit often and he has a home help. However this is infrequent and we are very concerned about him when we are not able to be with him. We feel that it is very important to respect his independence and have therefore decided that we should pay for some extra help. Do you have access to some information on how to go about finding the right person for the job and the going rates of pay that are expected for this type of work, please?
If your relative didn’t have a proper assessment before he was discharged from hospital – the first move should be to get a community care assessment. Even if he has had one fairly recently (before his hospital stay) he should be having another as his condition has most likely changed following the hospital stay. The Social Care & Health Department have a duty of care to him and should put in a package of care to properly support him. However their assessment of what is needed may differ from what you and your family would be happy with. I would also recommend that either your father, uncle or you are with your relative when any assessment takes place and also that whoever will be undertaking most of the caring requests a carers assessment (which they are entitled to!) because it will give them a chance to say (away from your relative) what level of help they can or cannot provide as a family. Direct Payments are available to older people in some areas of the country to assist with them employing their own care staff and that would be based on the assessed need by social care & health. However if you want to purchase additional care privately I think your best route would be to ask social care & health for a list of care agencies that they contract with – social care & health won’t be able to recommend one in particular but should be able to provide the list. If the agencies have a contract with social care & health then the family should be reassured that they meet a certain standard. Rates will vary around the country. A local carers organisation may be able to give them more information. Also is your relative getting Attendance Allowance to help with paying for care?
My wife and I are planning to look after an elderly relative at our family home. Due to my work commitments we anticipate that my wife will be the main carer. The elderly relative will need help with getting dressed, cooking, shopping and being there for her when she needs assistance. Would my wife be eligible for Carers Allowance?
The main criteria for the main carer to receive Carers Allowance is that your relative must be in receipt of Attendance Allowance or Middle Rate Care Disability Living Allowance (or above). A carer can still work but cannot earn more than £95 per week after national insurance and tax. The Carers Allowance is currently set at £53.10 per week. If the cared for person is in receipt of any other benefits then some money may be stopped because of the carer claiming Carers Allowance.
I care for my elderly old mother, who is house-bound. She is able to move around her own house unaided. She can get upstairs to bed unaid as well. I supply all her needs from shopping and preparing all her meals to bathing , and all general household duties.
I work full-time and rely on neighbours and good friends to make sure she is OK during the day. After a fall at the beginning of the year, when she broke her arm she also has visits from paid carers.
Is it is possible for me to claim carers allowance, and also to claim disability allowance for my mother?
Unfortunately you would not be able to claim carers allowance because you work full time. It sounds as though your mum would be able to claim attendance allowance though. This may be at the middle rate of £47.80 per week or if she needs help during the night – even if it’s just someone being awake to make sure she is safe after using the bathroom, £71.40. The Benefits enquiry line will help with this, their number is 0800 882200.